Mold Allergies – basic guideline
Mold can grow at pretty much any humid and warm place, indoors or outside. The common places inside residential homes often invaded by mold include basement, bathroom, kitchen, carpet and all the corners surrounding water pipes. Aside from material damage and deterioration, mold can cause serious health problems to residents. The most common ones include mold allergies, asthma and associated airway symptoms. As in all other allergies, exposure to high levels of mold in the air provokes immune system to abnormal reaction causing typical presentation.
How does mold cause allergies?
Not all the sorts of mold cause allergies. The types with allergy-potential are Penicillium, Alternaria, Aspergillus, and Cladosporium. Mold spores float in the air and reach all the parts of the airways when breathing them in. The immune system recognizes them as foreign bodies and triggers an oversensitive reaction. This excessive immune response reflects throughout the typical presentation. Symptoms of the mold allergies include running nose, stuffy nose, coughing, itchy and watery eyes, throat soreness, sneezing and difficulties breathing. Most symptoms emerge from the upper respiratory system. Skin can also be involving, as well as digestive system and deeper parts of the lungs. Susceptible patients and those already struggling with asthma might experience asthma attack triggered by allergy reaction.
Long list of risk factors
Some people experience mold allergy symptoms over the whole year, while others are in trouble only during certain seasons. If allergies of any kind run in your family, you are at higher risk of developing mold allergy too. Spending long hours in the office invaded with mold or being exposed to high levels of mold in your house will probably provoke your immunity. Spending time in humid, poorly ventilated premises will certainly expose you to the fungus in the air.
Tips to prevent mold allergies
It all comes down to staying away from mold spores and environment convenient for its growth. So, eliminate all potential sources of mold infection in your environment. Ventilate your home, fix all the leaking problems. Sleep with windows open if the temperature allows and stay indoors during “risky” seasons. When trying to prevent mold in your environment, pay attention to susceptible places, such as bathroom, kitchen, back of the sinks, areas around the pipes, basement and other humid corners. The allergy symptoms can be controlled with several medications, and in the case of mold infection problem, the best is to handle the issue to professional mold remediation service.